Data reception

A function of type void is called by the PJON object when a packet is received. This function receives 3 parameters: the received payload of type uint8_t *, its length of type uint16_t and a pointer to a data structure of type const PJON_Packet_Info that contains all packet's metadata:

void receiver_function(uint8_t *payload, uint16_t length, const PJON_Packet_Info &info) {
  // Print received data in the serial monitor
  for(uint16_t i = 0; i < length; i++)

Register the receiver_function as the receiver callback:

PJONSoftwareBitBang bus;

Within receiver_function it is possible to process data and meta-data when a packet is received. The PJON_Packet_Info struct contains all the protocol fields present in the packet:

The code below is part of the Arduino compatible PortsUseExample. When the receiver_function is called meta-data present in the info parameter is printed in the serial monitor:

void receiver_function(uint8_t *payload, uint16_t length, const PJON_Packet_Info &info) {
  Serial.print("Header: ");
  Serial.print(info.header, BIN);
  // If packet formatted for a shared medium
  if(info.header & PJON_MODE_BIT) {
    Serial.print(" Receiver bus id: ");
    Serial.print(" Receiver id: ");
    // If sender info is included
    if(info.header & PJON_TX_INFO_BIT) {
      Serial.print(" Sender bus id: ");
  // If sender device id is included
  if(info.header & PJON_TX_INFO_BIT) {
    Serial.print(" Sender id: ");
  // Payload Length
  Serial.print(" Length: ");
  // If port id is included
  if(info.header & PJON_PORT_BIT) {
    Serial.print(" Port bit: ");

Use payload before any transmission, the buffer where payload points to is overwritten when a new packet is dispatched.

To understand how to pass custom data to the receiver callback function, see the ClassMemberCallback example. This feature can be used to link other classes or instances passing any sort of data structure.

To receive data the receive function must be called as often as possible:

uint16_t response = bus.receive();

receive returns the following values:

  • PJON_ACK (6) if a correct reception occurred
  • PJON_NAK (21) if a mistake is found in CRC
  • PJON_BUSY (666) if a transmission for other devices is occurring
  • PJON_FAIL (65535) if no data is received

If it is required to dedicate a certain time to reception call the receive function passing the maximum reception time in microseconds:

uint16_t response = bus.receive(1000);

Consider that SoftwareBitBang, OverSampling or AnalogSampling are strategies able to receive data only while bus.receive is being executed, otherwise data is lost and transmitter will try again in future. In this particular case it is mandatory to dedicate a certain timeframe, depending on the duration of the other tasks, to efficiently receive data and avoid repetitions.

This document is automatically generated from the github repository. If you have noticed an error or an inconsistency, please report it opening an issue here

The PJON software big box

The PJON 13.0 big box is a limited edition. It contains the PJON protocol handbook, the PJON protocol source code in CD and the stickers. This product contains everything you need to master the PJON protocol and its implementation, although it is also designed to nicely fit in your big box collection. Choosing this handy kit, you will always have PJON with you in different formats, also when not being connected to Internet. Buying PJON products you support its further development and enhancement.